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Dyslipidemia in children

Dyslipidemia in children

Dyslipidemia is a serious condition that can lead to severe health problems at maturity. It is a risk factor for heart disease and heart attack. Healthy eating and movement are essential factors that help reduce the risk of dyslipidemia.

What is dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia refers to the abnormal level of lipids and fats in the blood, but is most often associated with an increased level of cholesterol and triglycerides. Of these, LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, is the main risk factor. HDL, the "good" cholesterol, is a dense lipoprotein that helps eliminate harmful cholesterol plaques from blood vessels.

Recent studies show that atherosclerosis occurs in childhood. It is thus very important for pediatricians to properly recognize and treat this condition in childhood. Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for heart disease, heart attack, heart attack and other serious health problems.

Decreased blood lipid levels are an important factor to consider when treating dyslipidemia.

Causes and risk factors for dyslipidemia

Prince causes of dyslipidemia include:

  • obesity;
  • inactivity;
  • excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates.

Also, dyslipidemia is also caused by high blood levels of triglycerides and cholesterol and low levels of good HDL cholesterol.

Childhood dyslipidemia is a risk factor at maturity for serious conditions such as obesity, hypertension. This condition accelerates the arteriosclerotic process in children.

Signs and symptoms of dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia itself has no signs or symptoms. For children who are suspected of this condition, however, family history and physical exams are required. Children who have cases of heart disease or diabetes in the family must undergo tests to detect this condition.

Also, children must undergo regular physical tests. Physical examination includes measurement of height, weight and body mass. Also, the waist circumference will be checked.

Investigations needed for dyslipidemia

Children with an increased risk of dyslipidemia should undergo regular blood tests to check total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides.

Lifestyle and dyslipidemia

Children with dyslipidemia should be constantly monitored and parents should take care to change certain things. The main purpose of lifestyle changes is to reduce the level of fat in the blood.

Parents should always choose a healthy lifestyle for their children before taking drug therapies. Healthy diet and movement are essential factors.

Eating high in cholesterol and animal fat increases the level of cholesterol in the blood, while a low fat diet lowers this level.

To prevent dyslipidemia, the child should:

  • avoid foods high in trans fats;
  • consume less than 200 mg of cholesterol per day;
  • to consume large quantities of fruits, vegetables and dietary fiber;
  • to eat foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids such as nuts or fish.

Also, the child must have an active lifestyle and spend as much time outdoors.

Tags Heart disease Fat children