Alcoholism in adolescents is not a voluntary choice, but develops against the backdrop of vulnerabilities that children are predisposed to, sometimes even before they are born. Alcoholism is a disease influenced by several factors, among which the most important ones are family, behavioral or genetic. Here's what situations a teenager is predisposed to become an alcoholic!
The simplest explanation a parent can find for the fact that the teenager started drinking alcohol is the bad bill entourage.
Cristina Calarasanu, a psychologist specializing in "Family Psychoanalytic Therapy", argues that parents must look beyond the social context when trying to find the causes or factors that influence their child's alcohol dependence.
"Even though the adolescent social context implies belonging to a group and imitating the behavior of others (drinking, smoking, experiencing various), these experiences do not turn into risk behaviors and endanger the life and development of the adolescent unless there is a vulnerable or fragile context in its own history, "says the specialist.
Psychological or emotional factors
Alcoholism is an addictive behavior. According to the psychologist, dependent behaviors arise from the need to fill an emotional void that the child has experienced and still feels.
"It could be an absence, a real loss (teenagers growing up without a parent or without parents, who died a grandfather or grandparents who were very close, a brother or sister, etc.) or an absence, in the sense of the affective availability of the family, especially of the parents ", explains Cristina Calarasanu.
Against the background of a family history charged with tension, violence, cold or indifference, demanding or perfection, hyper-protection, an emotional emptiness develops inside the child which could neither be represented nor symbolized, hence has been transposed into such risky behavior.
Genetic or hereditary factors
Specialists have shown that genetic factors can cause a child to become vulnerable to alcoholism.
Children who come from families in which one or both parents are alcoholics have a higher chance of facing the same problem since adolescence.
The family environment in which the child is raised can significantly impact his or her chances of developing addictive behavior in adolescence.
The adopted parental style (authoritarian, hyperprotective, negligent), chaotic and disorganized family life, with divorces, scandals and psychic, physical or other abuses increase the risk that the adolescent will make alcohol consumption a habit and, later, an addiction. .
The very harsh punishments or, on the contrary, the increased permissiveness in his education, have the same effect and allow the child to become a loyal consumer of alcoholic beverages, as well as of other toxic substances.
Children with extreme behaviors from an early age, from 3 years old - impulsive, agitated, aggressive etc. - presents an increased risk of becoming dependent on toxic substances until the age of 21 years. Antisocial behavior is also associated with alcohol problems in adolescence.
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Tags Teen problems