Your baby has gathered 8 months in the calendar of life, in which he has discovered and made a lot of remarkable progress and will continue to discover a lot of new and interesting things in his development.
At this age, he is more active than ever. He manages to crawl and walk the bush and you can hardly master him from the scrap he makes crossing the house from one corner to another. Get to know your 8-month-old baby better, keeping you up to date with all the features of this age.
8 months language and speech development (communication)
The age of 8 months is extremely important in the development of communication, language and speech. It is the period or stage of the development of self-awareness, when the baby begins to perceive himself as a person distinct from the others and to be aware of the environment around him.
It appears when the baby begins to recognize itself in the mirror. In addition, he begins to understand what the permanence of objects and their cause-effect relationship entails. He manages to anticipate the daily routine of some activities - for example, he realizes that when he is put to bed, it is time for sleep, when he is put in a chair, it is time for lunch, etc.
It is the age from which he begins to manifest his preferences for toys, but also for food. He can refuse certain foods, turning his head or pushing them with his sleeve. These are ways he communicates with you, even if he can't talk yet.
The hiccups so far from the child's speech turn into short syllables, but with more meaning for you. Simple expressions such as "a-pa-pa", "ma-ma-ma", "ta-ta-ta" - are the first forms of speech and language from which you can extract the message or meaning. Repeat continuously "soap" when he wants water, or "me-me" when he tries to yell at you.
The 8-month-old baby understands more words than he can express. For example, it is very possible to look at what you mean when you mention words such as "dad", "milk", "water", "mother", "dad" and find that they are quickly looking at the areas where they are located. the objects or persons mentioned.
Your baby of no year is even able to follow simple instructions, such as "cuddle aunt" or "greet her grandmother", even if she is unable to respond verbally or have the expected reactions.
Weight gain and length
Sugar grew 400-500g. The average weight is in boys of 8000 - 8500 g, and in girls 7800-8000 g.
Average length: boys: 69cm, girls: 67cm.
Cranial perimeter: 43-44 cm.
Physical development of the 8-month-old baby (motor skills)
Even if you went through the dragging phase and just discovered the gait, your baby is not satisfied with that. You will see how he will make great efforts in trying to get to his feet, resting on the surrounding furniture, even though many of the attempts will be doomed to failure.
At 8 months, the child shows perseverance in the development of physical skills. He is eager to go alone and explore the environment as much as possible. These efforts are also encouraged by the fact that his muscles and bones are becoming stronger. Even if there is still some time until you can take the first steps alone, the eighth month is the time when you could stand up alone, supported by the furniture around him.
The baby turns on both sides and can roll. They control their head well, and when it comes to the bus ride, some babies still spin around their own axis, and others move back. It should be emphasized that there are children who skip this stage, going directly to the walking stand supported by the furniture in the house.
The sugar sits well on the seat, without any support, but can still move from the lying position to the sitting position; this performance will not succeed between 8 and 10 months.
You can buy a special high chair or install it in a large armchair; will be pleased with this favor and will be able to attend family activities.
When seated on a perfectly horizontal plane he holds his back straight and has good control of the trunk and head. It moves around its own axis, and the movements are well coordinated.
Bebe clings to your hands and stands up, then sits in this position, gently rocking, keeping your toes bent as if you would like to grab the sheet.
In this position it does not have a stable balance, but, grabbed by the axles, it passes uncertainly, sometimes moving the same foot forward. The grip reflex of the soles is maintained.
Fine motor skills. grip
At this age, the child begins to discover the connection between motor skills and senses and learns how to use them together. For example, one uses the vase to identify or target various objects in the room he wants and makes all the physical efforts necessary to reach that area, crawling or walking the bush, to himself.
Fine motor skills are beginning to develop more and more. It is capable of holding small objects in handcuffs. He grasped them between his thumb and forefinger, his handle becoming a kind of pliers. The first tendency is not to manipulate them and to discover their role, but to lead them to the gurus. Watch him carefully if he has small objects in his hand, because the risk of drowning is very high at this age.
Grasp more and more easily: it is moved by the hand with more precision on a desired object and it grabs it between the palm and the thumb. An important new progress: grasp the object with your fingers, pass it from one hand to the other and grasp it with your eyes.
When he grabs a cube, he holds it so that he can grab another. He stretches to grab all the toys around him. He looks at them if they fall. Give the intended purpose to objects. He plays at the table with objects of different sizes and tries to find out what happens if he moves or throws them.
Throw an object on the floor and the mother raises it; Repeat the operation many times, without getting bored. From any stable position he extends his hand to grab the objects, even trying to reach objects outside his sphere of action. The hands are open and the fingers ready for finer motor activity.
The hands meet on the median line; he plays a lot with his hands and feet. Pipe and touch objects; learns to know different materials, to distinguish pleasant and unpleasant surfaces, to which they react through pleasure or discomfort.
Development of sensory processes
Hearing and locating sounds. Listen to noises and turn to the sound source. To unpleasant noises it reacts with discomfort.
Vision and movement of eyeballs. The coordination of the movements of the eyeballs is good. Follow in all plans. Most infants no longer exhibit strabismus.
Is it time? It is difficult to understand how the child takes the notion of time, but it is very likely that he realizes it by running the 24 hours, alternating day-night, sleep-wake, noise-silence, hunger-satiety, activity-rest; models of rhythms perceived through both internal sensations and external arousals are created.
Thus, as soon as six or seven months have passed, the child knows that morning or evening is the time of the meal, of his father's walk or return. The baby's time is built the better the mother knows how to adapt to her rhythm.
The space of the child. For the child, the space seems to be elaborated starting from the sensation and perception of the body, which allow to separate what is he from what is not him; first his mother, then the other nearby beings, the objects, the crib, the room. The child's space is built in relation to the mother he sees and hears as he moves, he sees them from near and far, he hears his voice far and near, he always loses it and finds it again, while he is walking with the stroller he discovers animals, streets, cars, houses.
Put your toys in hand, small objects that he grabs, loses, he finds with you and so little by little he realizes the contours, the consistency (hard-soft), the weight (hard-light), then by their color and in a few months, you will be able to give them a name.
Eating baby for 8 months
The diversification of nutrition is quite advanced at this age. However, there are some strict rules regarding milk servings and certain foods, which are still prohibited in his menu. At 8 months of age, the baby still needs a daily serving of 710-950 ml of breast milk or milk powder. But solid meals should already include plenty of new foods and textures on the menu: cereals, fruits and vegetables, all made pure or pasty.
He can still consume fish, honey or cow's milk. You may find that your baby is beginning to become more attracted to solid meals than to milk. Even if you have moments when you refuse or make noses when you give them milk, it is important to insist and not give up the milk tables, because they are essential in eating from this age and growing up.
Even the ability to chew develops at this age. It makes it possible to introduce so-called baby snacks or finger foods. The most recommended snacks for this age are bananas, toast, biscuits, pasta etc. Make sure the snacks are cut into large enough pieces for the child to grind, so that there is no risk of drowning through food. Keep an eye on him when he has small pieces of food in his hand, but also objects of the same size.
If the baby wants to hold or touch the bottle while drinking, it will be helped to do so. When the baby tries to drink from the bottle alone, the mother should stand by him, helping him to have a more stable position (the most pleasant and comfortable position when held in his arms); will support and tilt the bottle so that the baby does not breathe air.
Egg whites can cause an allergy (skin rashes, soft and foul smelling stools, agitation, etc.) in infants who have this tendency. In infants who have not had any episodes of skin rashes in the past, the albino will gradually be introduced into the food: soup, pears, creams, puddings, etc. At this age only yellow is an essential nutrient for its content in iron, vitamins, proteins and fats of high biological value.
If you have frozen or canned fruits in the house (compote, dulceata, jam) they can be crushed and homogenized with a wooden spoon. Also, fresh boiled, crushed fruit can be produced. Possibly mix with bread crumbs, biscuits or instant cereals, and add the cheese of cows prepared in the house.
In the case of fruit or vegetable food, the stools contain undigested cellulose, having the color and appearance modified compared to the milk stools. Many mothers are anxious, suspecting that the baby cannot consume certain foods or that the fruits or vegetables concerned would be worthless, being indigestible.
It must be known that the body retains and uses all substances of biological value (vitamins, mineral salts, carbohydrates, proteins). After several fruits and vegetables are introduced, the number of seats may increase and a spleen erythema may appear. It is not a cause for alarm, if the seats are consistent and not more than 3 in 24 hours.
Cellulose is important for children's health. Cellulose and other similar materials are called vegetable fibers, making them a compulsory component in proper nutrition. Cellulose also performs other functions in digestion, being an effective means against constipation.
In the last trimester of the first year of life, egg and meat are the main iron suppliers, which contribute to the formation of red blood cells, so infants who do not receive them for different reasons become anemic. Fruits, vegetables and cereals contain small amounts of iron.
In the first year of life, the food that meets the biological needs (digestion, metabolism, excretion, growth) is milk, which must remain permanently and predominantly in the baby's daily menu. At least two meals (morning and evening) must be milk (with or without additions). Only at the doctor's recommendation can the milk tables be waived.
Because of their maturation and varied diet, baby seats are better formed, rarer (1-2 per day) and occur at almost regular hours. In addition, he begins to become aware of the moment when his bowel is functioning: it ceases to play, it tightens, it becomes red in the face, it contracts, then it becomes easier. Sometimes he pulls a puppy when he has a chair. Those around him don't like to be dirty; it is only his way of announcing to his mother that this small event has occurred to him.
It will be changed, but without a hurry. Wanting to remove his diaper at any price, he will get the impression that having a chair is a job that disgusts his mother. Far from promoting her education of cleanliness, you will only delay her. In infants using disposable diapers, no such reactions are observed.
8 months baby sleep
Starting with the age of 8 months, the baby sleeps, on average, 13-14 hours a day. He still has two day sleep schedules - one in the morning and one in the afternoon, which lasts between 20 minutes and up to an hour each.
Normally, your baby should sleep all night, without interruption, but there are still children who, at this age, wake up once a night.
Baby sleep problems you will encounter less during the night and more at bedtime. It is the period in which you must get your child to sleep alone, regardless of your presence in the room. Separation anxiety intervenes, from which the child escapes only at 2-3 years, but which will make him present at this age, in the evening, before going to bed.
In some infants, it is common to swing or hit their head against the walls of the bed. It is one of the soothing, rhythmic movements that is observed in many children before falling asleep, when they are tired or when they get bored.
To eliminate the cause, the parents will check if the baby or young child has a sufficiently interesting occupation during the day, if he / she has been satisfied with the need for socialization, movement and if he / she is tired enough.
These manifestations were observed in infants who were kept long in the basket, in beds with edges without visibility, made of compact boards, as in those who stay long in the house, are left alone, or in the family there is a condition anxiety, childcare.
Removing the baby as much as possible, a longer walk before dinner and bedtime, quiet games, daily bathing and a calm family atmosphere are some of the recommended remedies. You can calm him down and fall asleep through a song.
Emotional behavior. Sugar shows its preference for the person it wants to communicate with. Reacts to prohibitions or affirmative judgments, tries to provoke situations you want, discovers parents' weaknesses.
He is curious and he enjoys exploring. He is happy when he is offered a helping hand in achieving his wishes.
Fear of foreign people. This month the reactions of negativism towards foreigners are maintained. Parents notice that the baby becomes reserved, suspicious, shy with strangers; he looks at them, then looks at them as if he wants to make sure his familiar faces are present. If a stranger wants to get too close to the child he is scared, he turns his head, he lies in his parents' arms.
During these months the baby hardly accepts severe, sad and especially noisy girls. Do not go to parties with many people; seeing new figures can be a cause for anxiety.
The fear of foreign persons is manifested especially when it is combined with circumstances in which the mother is absent (she is left alone in a room with a completely foreign person or the mother disappears in a shop and a stranger approaches her stroller and speaks to her) . It seems that the baby is not scared of the foreign person himself, but of what he does.
Sugar will smile and communicate with a stranger as long as it keeps the proper distance; if he touches it, he protests. This reaction is fully justified. Before accepting evidence of physical sympathy, each of us wants to know how much a person is.
If he is allowed to look at foreign figures - over his mother's shoulder - on the bus or on the street, if he is given the opportunity to play near his mother's skirt, if he is allowed to approach the foreign persons alone who attract him (his curiosity being stronger than fear), the child will become easier to be friendly with strangers. Thus, social contact is useful, useful for the young child, who will become confident and will show interest for the new figures.
What interesting or unusual things did you observe in your child when he was 8 months old? Tell us your opinions in the comments section below!
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