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Hereditary diseases. Will your child inherit you or not?

Hereditary diseases. Will your child inherit you or not?

Depending on the affections your family members and your husband face, you can anticipate the health of your child. From relatively minor ailments, such as ear infections to serious illnesses, such as diabetes, a surprising number of childhood health problems have a genetic cause. Specialists claim that more than 80% of the diseases are genetically inherited.


Of course you cannot change your child's genes, but your medical history can be a good starting point to know in which cases you should be preventative and what are the preventive measures you can take to maintain your child's health.

Allergies and asthma

The risk due to heredity is very high.

The most vulnerable are children whose parents or siblings have suffered from asthma or any type of allergy. If one of the parents has suffered from asthma or allergies, the risk of the youngest inheriting the disease is 30-50%. If both parents were affected, the risk increases to 80%.
The best way to prevent the onset of allergies and asthma seems to be a very simple one: breastfeeding. If allergies have been present in your family and you are not breastfeeding or if you need to provide baby and milk powder, it is best to choose an anti-allergic formula.
Specialists recommend avoiding dairy products in the first year of life and eggs in the first 2 years. Reduced exposure to pollen, dust, animals or any possible allergen factor may reduce the risk of a child's asthma or other allergy.
If you intend to raise an animal, it would be ideal to have it in the house since the child is very young, his body being able to get used to his presence. Thus, the risk of developing this type of allergy decreases. If your child seems to have symptoms of asthma, chronic coughing or wheezing, go to a pediatrician.

High blood pressure and cholesterol

The risk due to heredity is very high.
Children whose parents have one of these conditions are predisposed. If one of the parents has high levels of cholesterol or blood pressure, the risk for the child to inherit this is 50%. For both parents affected, the risk increases to 75%.
Specialists say that the genetic impact in these cases is very high. A parent or even a grandparent who has had a heart attack or was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 is an additional risk to a child.
Specialized tests performed regularly with the child will help you find out in time if he or she inherits the diseases in the family. The blood pressure of a child should be measured regularly starting at age 3, while in the case of cholesterol, the minimum age is 5 years.
Breastfeeding is an important factor in keeping the risk of such diseases under control. Two other important factors that you need to take into account in your child's development are nutrition, which must be balanced, and movement - it is good for the little one to do daily exercises.

Ear infections

The risk due to heredity is very high.
Although it is not considered to be a very safe thing, it is considered that the predisposition to ear infections is 60-70% genetic in nature.
It is very possible for parents to pass on to their children a face shape or a structure of Eustachio's tube that may be causing hearing problems.
Doctors recommend exclusive breastfeeding for at least 3 months and avoiding cigarette smoke near the baby and getting a flu shot every year.
Although ear infections are not contagious, the colds that can cause them are. Fortunately, ear infections do not appear in children much earlier than 7 years.

Obesity

The risk due to heredity is very high.
The most predisposed are the children who come from families with overweight members. If one of the parents is obese, the risk of the child being exposed is 40%, while in the case of both obese parents, it increases to 70%.
Even so, a child with a healthy diet and who sustains daily physical activity can counteract the effects of genetics.
Childhood obesity can lead to other serious health problems such as diabetes, heart problems, asthma and even certain cancers.
What you can do is be a role model for your child. Make them healthy eating habits: fewer foods high in sugar, more fruits and vegetables, less time in front of the TV and more sports.

Skin cancer

The risk due to heredity is an average one.
There are children in the family who have had melanoma, the least common but most dangerous skin cancer. If one of the parents suffered from melanoma, the risk for the child to inherit the disease is 3%, if both parents were affected, the risk is 5-8%.
The risk is higher if the disease was discovered in one of the family members earlier than 50 years. More prone are the blond or reddish people with their eyes open to the color, they lack in the skin structure sufficient natural factor of protection against the sun rays.
The best way to prevent it is to protect the child from the sun. Before each outing do not forget to apply on the skin of the little one a cream with SPF factor.

Diabetes

The risk due to heredity is medium to high.
The vulnerability of the child to diabetes depends on the type of diabetes that exists in the family:

  • If the father has type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes, the child has a chance at 17 to inherit the disease.
  • If the mother has type 1 diabetes and was born before the age of 25, the child has a 25 chance of inheriting the disease, and if she gave birth to the child after 25 years, the child has a 100 chance of inheriting the disease.
  • If both parents have type 1 diabetes, the child has a 4 in 1 chance of inheriting the disease.

Type 2 diabetes (the one related to weight) has a stronger genetic component: if one of the parents has type 2 diabetes, the risk of the child is 1 in 7, up to 1 in 13, but if both parents suffer of this disease, the risk is 1 in 2. However, some specialists argue that a child is more likely to inherit type 2 diabetes when he or she also has weight problems.
Both types of diabetes increase the risk of heart disease, kidney disease or nervous problems.
Once again breastfeeding proves its benefits. If it is correlated with the postponement of diversification by the age of 6 months, it is very likely that the risk of inheriting diabetes is reduced.
Also make sure that the little one is moving enough and has a healthy diet, rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Vision problems

The risk due to heredity is an average one.
The most predisposed are the children whose parents started to have vision problems from childhood. If both parents have been wearing glasses since they were young, the risk of the baby being myopic is 6 times higher.
The safest way to prevent and treat your child's early vision problems is the ophthalmological consultation from childhood. Do not expect the child to reach the right age to go to school to go to the ophthalmologist.

Tags Congenital malformations fat Newborn malformations Hereditary diseases